In the summer season the risk of Contracting worms is increasing. Particularly at risk toddlers up to 3 years: they constantly chew on dirty hands, tinkering in the sandbox, and strive to pet stray animals, etc. Worms or helminths (medical term) can be disguised as various diseases, especially colds. From infection with helminths no one is immune, it is crucial to note that your child that something is wrong, identify the worms and get treatment.
The most common childhood helminthiasis
Most children are infected with roundworm and pinworm. Enterobiasis or pinworm often make themselves known in such symptoms as itching and irritation around the anus. Because females of these small worms (size 5-6 mm) at night crawl out of anus to lay eggs. Infected with pinworms the child may be a source of infection for all members of the family, since the eggs of pinworms are easy to get to bed linen, toys, clothes baby.
Quite often, children infected with Ascaris, these worms are long and can grow up to 30 cm, and more dangerous to child health than pinworms. Worms can get into the intestines, liver and even the lungs, cause severe allergies and bowel obstruction. Too often, children become infected Toxocara: carriers of these worms are stray and domestic animals, who are often on the street.
How to detect worms in a child and what to do
When infected with helminths, regardless of their type, in the period from a week to 3 months you may experience an allergic reaction. Helminths in small amounts do not cause much concern, but once the parasites begin to multiply vigorously, the child displays signs of intoxication: malaise and lethargy, loss of appetite, weight loss, drowsiness, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea (or naoborot – constipation). Then the immune system of the baby becomes weaker and increasingly sensitive to infections. Often helminthiasis in children “masked” by a cold: the child begins to cough, runny nose, headaches, etc.
Pediatricians do not recommend to treat the child from the alleged worms or the use of anthelmintic drugs for the purpose of prevention of helminthiasis. Initially, you need to know how the child is infected with worms (and infected if at all), then pick up the drug. Drugs against helminth infections is quite toxic, so it is important not only to find a cure, but also to calculate the dose. In some cases, when the symptoms of worm infestation are too specific and characteristic for a certain type of helminthiasis, a pediatrician may prescribe medicines before the results of the laboratory analysis. Especially not worth the risk “Granny’s methods”: to feed the baby pumpkin seeds, carrot to do enemas or enter a piece of garlic baby in the anal hole. The latter is especially dangerous, because garlic can cause burns and irritation of the intestinal mucosa. So you tighten the time useless and hurt a child as mentally (which is only to get an enema baby) and that physically.
Prevention of helminthiasis in children.
Helminth infections are “diseases of dirty hands”, as well as intestinal infections. So do not be lazy to wash your hands baby, especially if he were busy for hands in the sandbox or the ground, touching animals, etc. and do Not forget to wash your hands after using the toilet, coming from the street and before eating, and teach these rules, the hygiene of the child. Thoroughly wash vegetables and fruits, thermally correctly handle food, do not let the baby drink tap water, milk, etc. Often remove not only the apartment but also wash stuffed toys, rugs or mats, especially if you take them outside or put in the stroller.