Neurology

Why numb skin and shivers run: causes paresthesia

Sensitivity disorder in which a person feels numbness in the body and goosebumps familiar to many. Sometimes this is a temporary phenomenon, when often repeated such disorders should consult a doctor. These bright signs can manifest itself paresthesia is a neurological disorder whose causes can be both physiological and talk about pathology.

Paresthesia: what is it and why is there

Paresthesia is called not an independent disease, but a secondary condition that develops on the background of any deviation from health or disease. Symptoms paresthesia is manifested as a reaction to nerve damage or nerve roots. Where through the damaged fiber are pulses, and there are unpleasant sensations. Paresthesia am concerned about is in violation of the sensitivity of nerve fibers, not by reducing the perception of skin to different stimuli. Thus, paresthesia may occur in the background:

  • degenerative disc disease, injuries of nerves and spinal cord. Often compressed the nerve roots of the cervical and thoracic spine
  • diseases of neurotic character
  • disorders of the heart and blood vessels (hypertension, atherosclerosis, etc.)
  • high blood sugar – often paresthesias diabetes
  • of vitamin deficiency – hypovitaminosis
  • endocrine diseases
  • tumors – benign and malignant
  • a long compression, long medication.

Localization paresthesias and features of their manifestation

In addition to numbness of the body parts and tingling, paresthesia can also be manifested by numbness of the mucous membranes, feeling of cold in the legs, and occasionally a skin rash and itching. Most often the unpleasant sensations appear in the feet and hands, the neck, the head and the mucous membranes of the tongue and oral cavity.
If there are problems with blood circulation, as well as during intoxication (including alcohol and medicines) paresthesia usually manifests in the legs.

When inflammation of the neck muscles, osteochondrosis, circulatory disorders of the brain, vitamin deficiency unpleasant sensations appear in his hands. Neuralgia of the facial nerve and heart problems appear unpleasant sensations in the head area. And paresthesia in the tongue and oral mucosa is a common phenomenon after dental procedures. There is also a sense of numbness in the mouth and tongue may disturb in diseases of the digestive system, endocrine problems, diseases of ENT-organs.

Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of paresthesia

To make an accurate diagnosis and find the cause of discomfort will help specialist: you can initially consult a therapist or from a neurologist, then you may need the assistance of other specialists. The doctor initially questioned in detail about your habits, lifestyle, past illnesses, tests the reflexes. Then it is important to undergo a series of diagnostic procedures: it may be the EKG and heart ultrasound, MRI of brain and spine, blood tests, x-rays of the spine. Treatment for paresthesia would depend on its causes: is the diet and abstinence from alcohol, medication, vitamins, physiotherapy, the use of warming ointments, etc.

To avoid the development of paresthesia, it is crucial to treat all emerging diseases and to prevent their transition into a chronic form. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus do not forget to constantly monitor blood pressure and glucose levels in the blood. The key to health in General – physical activity, good nutrition, proper rest and lack of bad habits.