The stuttering child is a problem for many families, which may resolve with time, and haunt the person for life. Every parent wants the best for their children, so it is important not to miss the beginning of speech disorders and to make sure they are in the past. By stuttering with a speech disorder which manifests itself in the failure of its rhythm, uncontrolled stops and repetitions of sounds or syllables, people can’t speak smoothly and rhythmically, making it hard to listen and understand what he wants to say. All this greatly affects the quality of life and leads to various psychological injury.
Causes and symptoms of stuttering in children
The stuttering is due to spasms of articulation. Often, this problem occurs in children 2 to 5 years. It is also noted that boys are 4 times more likely to suffer from stuttering than girls. If stuttering persists, more often it appears in adolescence and adolescence, and after age 30 are usually gradually eroding. As with other speech disorders, stuttering is easiest to be treated in childhood.
The causes of stuttering are different for different types of this disease.
The first type of stuttering is associated with a defect of the nervous system of the child. Its causes are the following:
- bad heredity;
- birth injury;
- heavy pregnancy of his mother.
Neurological examination of such children may reveal increased intracranial pressure, susceptibility to seizures, changes in reflexes.
The second type of acquired stuttering, the result of neuroses, stress, strong fatigue. Its causes can be:
- chronic fatigue (both mental and physical);
If we talk about this type of stuttering, speech disorders intensify if the child is agitated, tense.
Stuttering occurs because of spasms of the tongue, palate, lips, jaw, causing individual sounds or syllables are repeated involuntarily, PEQ becomes irregular. Cramps occur due to certain failures of nerve centers in the brain responsible for speech. At the age of 2-5 years, the relationship between them is still under active development, so this period is most likely to occur stuttering.
The signs that should make parents worried, the following:
- The child often repeats words and sounds.
- The kid says sounds prolonged.
- The child often says the phrase “I can’t say I can’t do it”.
- Kid gets upset, withdraws into himself.
- The child is often tense muscles of the neck and face.
- It baby it becomes irregular, loses the melody: there are observed an unexpected rise in the voice, etc.
- Talkative child becomes silent, he is afraid to start talking.
Treatment of stuttering in children
The sooner you start treatment, the higher the chances of success. Fundamentally determine the type of stuttering. If this disease is a consequence of the defect of the nervous system (neurosis-like stuttering), to treat her will be speech therapist, speech pathologist and neurologist. Work with a speech therapist needs to be systematic, it should last at least 1 year, her goal is to teach kids to speak correctly and confidently. While the neurologist prescribes a medication without which the speech therapist will not reach a positive result.
If we are talking about logoneurosis, stuttering due to stress and other environmental factors, the main specialist in the treatment of disease will be a psychologist. Of medication the child can be given medication that relieves muscle spasms, they will choose a neurologist. With speech therapy the child will work too, but only under the condition of regular consultations with a psychologist, otherwise to cope with the problem will not work.
Stuttering is a complex problem which doctor one specialty not. It is also important to provide the child with peace of mind in daily life, to respect the day, to ensure healthy sleep (at least 8 hours a day), to speak to the baby quietly, slowly, not to push and not to interrupt him when he tries to say something, to provide him with tactile contact, to try to praise rather than to criticize. If everything is done correctly, the stutter remains in the childhood and won’t poison the person is an adult, conscious life.