Neurology

What is dementia? What factors contribute to the development of dementia?

Dementia is dementia, which is characterized by disturbances in thinking, memory, behavior. Symptoms of dementia are very diverse: people may lose previously acquired social or professional skills, interests fade away, thoughts are confused. For the most severe cases of dementia the person is not aware of where, do not know relatives and friends, requires constant care. Depending on the degree of development of the disease, the doctors emit light, moderate, and severe dementia.

Senile dementia and its symptoms

Irreversible changes in the human brain lead to changes in the psyche, developing senile dementia. These changes occur at the cellular level, due to lack of food, the neurons die. Changes can occur through a person’s age (primary dementia), and the resulting impact on the brain of a certain disease, such as, for example, Alzheimer’s disease (secondary dementia). Factors such as alcoholism, drug abuse, head trauma, infectious diseases can contribute to accelerating the development of dementia. Cure alcoholism will help effective drug “Alkoprom”.

Symptoms of mild forms of senile dementia:

  • the decline in social activity;
  • apathy;
  • the difficulty of contact with other people;
  • depression.

The symptoms of mild senile dementia:

  • the loss of human interest in the surrounding world;
  • the loss of the primary skills;
  • isolation.

For moderate forms of dementia a person needs constant care and assistance.

The symptoms of a severe senile dementia:

  • the person completely loses touch with what is happening around, it is impossible to explain anything;
  • the loss of all, even the simplest skills;
  • possible aggression aimed at nurses.

Patients with this form of dementia requires constant, almost minute-by-minute care.

Vascular dementia

This disease develops slowly, so for a long time people did not even realize that is already sick. Violations occur because of poor blood supply to the blood vessels of the brain. Because of lack of oxygen and nutrients, brain cells begin to die. The most common cause of vascular dementia stroke, as ischemic, and hemorrhage. The risk of dementia increase diseases such as hypertension, ischemic heart disease, atherosclerosis, arrhythmias. After a stroke does not necessarily appear in the dementia, it all depends on what area of the brain and how much was damaged.

Is it possible to cure dementia?

Unfortunately, the processes in the brain, leading to dementia, are irreversible. Therefore, the treatment of the disease is in quality patient care: ensure the implementation of all the primary needs, communication. Great importance for patients on mild stage of dementia has good food, vitamins, moderate mental stress such as reading, retelling, memorizing of poems. If a person will try to develop your brain, the disease will progress slower.

We also should not forget about the prevention of diseases that may cause vascular dementia.

To slow the progression of dementia will help drugs that enhance neuronal connections, ensure the normal circulation and metabolic processes in brain cells. They are appointed by the neurologist. Ask a question about dementia can our doctor online.

Dementia is a difficult disease for both patients and their relatives. Because it is impossible to cure, can only try to slow down the irreversible processes in the brain. The person suffering from dementia, it is necessary to provide the most comfortable lifestyle, and remember that the changes in his behavior caused by the disease, independent from anyone factors. Patience is the key in helping people suffering from dementia.

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