Myoma or fibroid is a benign tumor that forms on the walls of the uterus and cervix. Its size can vary from a few millimeters to several centimeters, prevalent cases of multiple fibroids, when talking about multiple tumors.
What causes uterine fibroids?
The development of fibroids is a result of violation of hormonal background of women. So often this lesion is a problem for young women, and can disappear during menopause, when estrogen level is markedly reduced.
Factors that have a direct impact on the development of uterine fibroids, the following:
- genetic predisposition;
- inflammatory gynecological diseases;
- the metabolic disorders;
- diabetes mellitus;
- chronic diseases of internal organs;
- prolonged stress, which suppresses the ovaries, thyroid gland;
- many abortions;
- the use of intrauterine devices.
Uterine fibroids are considered harmonisering tumor, so it occurs after the onset of puberty. So myomas is almost never before the first menstruation and during menopause. Because of the violation of local regulation of hormones that nourish the uterus, while increasing the level and the growth of the fibroids.
Women who have given birth at least one child, the probability of occurrence of fibroids is reduced.
Symptoms of uterine fibroids
If the size of the fibroids is small, its presence is unlikely to bother the woman, the symptoms will be erased. In most cases the disease is detected during routine inspection at the gynecologist, so it is important to periodically visit this doctor (recommended every six months).
Myoma of large size will have the following symptoms:
- the menstrual cycle;
- the presence of vaginal bleeding within the loop;
- frequent urination;
- uterine bleeding;
- a feeling of pressure in the abdomen;
- the pain of pulling character in the abdomen, not associated with menstruation;
- the increase in size of the abdomen;
Treatment of fibroids
If a woman of their age are approaching the period of menopause, the size of the fibroids are small, it grows slowly, it can be treated by a conservative.
Surgical treatment is indicated in the following cases:
- The tumor is large, it presses on nearby organs.
- Fibroids provokes strong uterine bleeding.
- The tumor is growing rapidly.
- The myoma is the cause of pain and poor health of women.
Depending on the type of fibroid, its size and localization, the doctor chooses the type of surgery to remove the tumor. It can be laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, abdominal surgery. If you can not in any way to stop the growth of fibroids, other operations are not possible, then the uterus is removed completely.
Why are uterine fibroids dangerous?
Although myoma is benign, not malignant tumors, it is still dangerous for women. In fact its growth may have a negative impact on the work of other internal organs that the tumor compresses. She often provokes bleeding, pain, feeling unwell woman. And most importantly, like any other benign tumor, myoma has a chance to turn into a malignant tumor. Therefore, if it originated from the young woman, which is still far from the climax, the best thing to do is promptly remove the fibroids. It is known that during menopause, her growth stops, and the tumor itself may disappear. Therefore older women are closely watched and assign them to operations in the extreme cases: when the growth of fibroids is intense, its location is dangerous for other organs.
It should be remembered that the myoma is primarily a tumor. Therefore, her education and finding a woman’s body is highly undesirable.