Neurology

Time bomb – aneurysm of cerebral vessels

Sometimes, seemingly healthy people can suddenly die. One of the reasons for this sudden death may be rupture of the aneurysm of cerebral vessels. What is it? Is it possible to prevent disease, how to treat and keep under control?

What is aneurysm of cerebral vessels?

Aneurysm of cerebral vessels is education on brain blood vessel that increases and is filled with blood. Convex portion of the aneurysm may affect the nerve or on tissue surrounding the brain. But the greatest danger is the rupture of the aneurysm, which causes bleeding in the brain tissue that can be fatal to humans, or to lead to serious health problems.

Why is there an aneurysm? Who is at risk?

The main causes of aneurysm doctors include the following:

  • Congenital abnormalities of the blood vessel wall.
  • Genetic problems: connective tissue disease, poor circulation and the like.
  • Trauma to the head.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Infection.
  • The brain tumor.
  • Atherosclerosis – disease of blood vessels, which is accompanied by the deposition of cholesterol on vascular walls.
  • Other diseases of the circulatory system.
  • Smoking, drug use (especially cocaine, which affects blood vessels).

An aneurysm can occur at any age, but the disease is more characteristic for adults (from 30 to 60 years) and is more common in women than in men. Those at risk include people with a family history of aneurysms, smokers, drug addicts, high blood pressure, people who have a brain tumor, suffering from atherosclerosis. Also the risk of developing an aneurysm increases after the receipt by the person of a head injury.

Why such a dangerous aneurysm? What are its symptoms?

Rupture of the aneurysm provokes bleeding that leads to stroke, nerve damage or death. It is called a time bomb, because the patient can years to live with her, unaware of the danger. When fracture occurs, and if it does happen, it is impossible to determine.

Often aneurysms of cerebral vessels are asymptomatic, especially if they are still small in size. Usually lets you know about yourself is already a big aneurysm that is growing. Its signs include:

  • Pain in the eye area.
  • Numbness, weakness, or paralysis of one side of the face.
  • Dilated pupils, hazy vision.

If there’s a gap, the person can feel the following symptoms:

  • Sudden and severe headache.
  • Doubling in the eyes.
  • Severe nausea.
  • A person can lose consciousness, some patients have seizures.

The treatment of aneurysms of cerebral vessels

Often fails to identify the aneurysm prior to rupture only during certain examinations of the brain, its symptoms are felt too late. It can be seen with a special x-ray study of the vessels of the brain, CT head, MRI.

If the aneurysm is detected before rupture and it is small in size, the patient is recommended the permanent monitoring of the dynamics of its growth. The choice of treatment strategy affects the type of aneurysm, its size, location, probability of rupture, a person’s age, health status of the patient, hereditary factors.

Aneurysm of the brain vessels can be treated surgically, but these operations are very risky and complex. In addition, if an aneurysm is formed in a remote place, the surgeon is unable to remove it.

People with a diagnosis of aneurysm of cerebral vessels should:

  • watch your pressure;
  • do not smoke;
  • not to use cocaine and other drugs;
  • with caution only after consulting with your doctor to take aspirin and other drugs that can thin the blood;
  • women should abandon the use of oral contraceptives.

With aneurysm, you can go through life not even knowing about its existence. It’s like a game of roulette, a person does not know what will become of her aneurysm tomorrow. If you often get a headache, have relatives that had an aneurysm in the blood vessels of the brain, it is better to consult the doctor and give up bad habits.

Tags