Roseola is an acute viral infection caused by a specific virus. The disease occurs exclusively in children, manifested three days of significant fever without any other symptoms and the rash all over the body, which first appears around the 4th day of illness. Despite the frightening and confusing for parents the symptoms, roseola is not considered a dangerous disease.
Causes and symptoms of roseola
Roseola also called a sudden rash. It is caused by the virus herpes sixth type. Roseola affects children aged 6 months to 3-4 years. However, more often the disease will befall children at the age of about 1 year. Sudden rash it is often not diagnosed: first diagnosed SARS and then the rash is regarded as Allergy to medicines. However, the global statistics say that roseola – a very common childhood illness.
The main symptoms of roseola include the following:
- A sharp significant increase in body temperature. Feature fever in its duration: for 3 days the temperature remains high (up to 39°C and above), it is very difficult to bring down with a fever-reducing medicine.
- A sharp decrease in body temperature on the 4th day of the disease.
- Rashes on back, stomach and chest of the child, which occur on the 4th day of the disease, while reducing the temperature. Rash pale pink, they do not itch, size of spots 3-5 mm, some of them can be surrounded by a pale border. Legs, arms, face free from rashes. After approximately 2 days the spots disappear from the body of the child, without leaving marks on your own.
How to treat roseola?
Roseola often confused with SARS, measles or an allergic reaction, so the correct diagnosis is quite rare. Accurate confirmation of roseola not give blood, so the disease can only be installed symptomatically.
To treat roseola should be the same as conventional SARS. That is, to give the child plenty to drink warm liquids to bring the temperature down with paracetamol or ibuprofen. Any additional medications help in Roseau not needed. To treat rash no medication is not necessary, she held herself in 2 days.
Despite the fact that the sudden rash is pretty easy disease that rarely leads to complications, parents are very difficult to survive in peace. This is not surprising: we are talking about a very small child who 3 days for no apparent reason is very much having fever and when the fever finally slept, her body covered with rashes. Of course, to sit and not to give any drugs in this situation, just incredibly difficult. Therefore, a big responsibility for the correct diagnosis lies on peatr or family doctor, it needs to adequately assess, explain to parents and reassure them. Unfortunately, this happens very rarely, and for 5-6 days of the illness the child eats and drinks a lot of absolutely unnecessary drugs.
Possible complications from roseola
The main complication on the background of roseola – febrile convulsions due to excessively high temperatures that can occur in children. In this case, it is necessary to call an ambulance.
The likely microbial complications such as ear infections, pneumonia, bronchitis via the General decrease in immunity. Although such cases are recorded rarely.
The average roseola passes through 5-7 days without special treatment. Children over 5 years, almost never get sick in a sudden rash.