Allergology

Insect bites: how to protect your health and provide first aid

Summer time is not without insects. But the bites of some of them cause not only allergic reactions: often in the wound at the bite site become infected and this area of skin is inflamed. In addition, some insects such as ticks, are vectors for infectious diseases. Therefore, it is important to remember prevention methods against insect bites and to be able to provide assistance if you or someone in your family was attacked by a bee or bitten by a mosquito.

How to protect yourself from mosquitoes and do not hurt yourself

Like indoors and outdoors to deter mosquitoes will help special products: repellents, fumigators, sprays or creams for the body, etc. Animals used in the premises: the device plugs into the wall socket, it is placed inside a special container with liquid or plate impregnated with the insecticidal agent. Allow repellent to deter insects for a few hours and are used mainly for nature: different emulsions, sprays, etc.

However, the misuse of insect repellents, especially when it comes to children, may result in the same allergic reaction or even poisoning. Therefore, the use of insect repellents in children choose children a series of remedies. To deter insects also help the smells of Basil, star anise, cloves, eucalyptus, however, they may like it, some of these plants (especially of the essential oil from them) can cause an allergic reaction. The important point of protection from mosquitoes and other insects is the presence of mosquito nets on the Windows.

The bite of an ordinary mosquito is not dangerous in itself, the risk of skin infections is occurring if combing the site of the bite, especially with dirty hands. The affected area of skin after biting insects, including mosquitoes must be carefully washed with warm water and soap, then treat the bite with antiseptic and apply a soothing agent. If there was a swelling, then a cold compress, then a clean dry dressing.

What is the danger of bee and wasp stings

The stings of bees and wasps is not only dangerous allergic reaction to the poison and its toxic effects. The most dangerous bites in the face, lips, tongue, neck: allergic reaction can cause swelling, breathing difficulties up to the inability to breathe, so in this case, the victim urgently hospitalitynet. If bee sting, remove the stinger from the skin and pouch of poison: this should be done carefully, and lift out the stinger with your fingernail, a sharp object, preferably with tweezers. The bite should also be treated with antiseptic, if necessary – apply ice (not naked body). To reduce the pain and swelling will help painkillers and antihistamines.

Going on nature, to grab a mini first aid kit

Cause an allergic reaction or inflammation can also the bites of ants, fleas, flies, millipedes and other insects. Some species of ants are particularly aggressive: they may attack a sleeping person, so consider this when spending the night in a tent, etc.
Going on a picnic, and even more so on the night in the woods, be sure to take insect repellents, anti-inflammatory, antihistamine, painkillers and antiseptics, sterile gauze, mosquito nets.

Going for a long time in nature, ask in advance where the nearest medical facility as quickly and how you can go to get to if needed. Toxic reactions and angioedema may develop not only at a sting of wasps or bees: if a person is simultaneously bitten by a large number of insects, then it can develop following toxic reactions: headache, vomiting, diarrhea, sudden fever, cramps up to loss of consciousness.

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