The diagnosis “dysplasia” put such a huge number of babies first year of life that many parents do not treat it seriously. And in vain, because in some cases the lack of timely treatment can lead to serious consequences. What is dysplasia, and in what cases it is necessary to take action?
What causes hip dysplasia?
Hip dysplasia – is his innate inferiority and abnormal development, which can lead to significant problems in the musculoskeletal system of the child in the future (joint dislocation, pain, lameness).
According to statistics, about 25% of babies born with subluxation of the hip joint, which are in the process of labor. It is considered quite physiological condition, and the hip joint needs to come back to normal in the first few months of a child’s life. But sometimes it happens that a baby need help.
Risk factors that provoke the development of dysplasia, the following:
- The first generations of women. The first birth is always a huge stress for the women. Her body is trying to help her and releases a lot of the hormone relaxin, which softens bones and joints for easier passage of the baby through the birth canal. This hormone enters the child, which damaged his hip. During the subsequent delivery of relaxin produced less risks for the baby are reduced.
- Large fruit. If a baby is born weighing more than 3.5 kg, his hip is under pressure even in the womb. Also, it may be more difficult during actual childbirth.
- A newborn baby girl. It is easy to explain: women’s bones are more plastic that is necessary for future delivery, and this is noticeable already in the womb. Therefore, relaxin softens the bones stronger among girls than boys.
- Breech presentation of the baby. If the child is born the booty forward, the hip joint is under heavy load, which often leads to dysplasia.
How to recognize hip dysplasia?
Eye dysplasia can be identified by such signs:
- The child has a clear asymmetry of folds on the thighs, buttocks and in the groin. To see it, you need to straighten the baby’s legs. If the folds are located at different angles and not similar in pairs, likely dysplasia.
- The baby knees are at different heights when they are bending. If the child’s legs straighten, and then bend, your knees should be approximately at the same level. If not, it is better to consult a podiatrist.
- Different amplitude of joints in breeding legs. To put the child on your back, bend legs at the knees and breed them in hand. If one hip worse than the other is given a chance of dysplasia.
The final diagnosis can only wager a podiatrist. For this he may need procedures such as hip ultrasound or x-ray (held only for children older than 3 months).
Treatment of dysplasia is directly dependent on the child’s age and degree of development problems. A podiatrist may recommend therapeutic massage, gymnastics, thisprocedure, in more serious cases may require the use of stirrups. Treatment takes several months, but this process needs to accomplish that in the future the child you are not blamed my problems with musculoskeletal disorders.
The main reason for the modern neglect of dysplasia from many parents – this diagnosis is universal to all. In fact, it only shows low professional level of many doctors and orthopedic surgeons. Therefore, in the first year of life need to find a podiatrist that you trust, and to comply with all its recommendations. Skip the problem is much easier than to cope with its consequences.