Herniated cervical spine – a fairly common disease in the modern world where the fast pace of life combined with predominantly sedentary work. It can cause a number of unpleasant symptoms that impair quality of life. If the disease is left untreated, the consequences can be very severe health effects. So why hernia occurs between the vertebrae and how is it treated?
The symptoms of herniated cervical intervertebral
Cervical spine consists of seven cervical vertebrae, between which the intervertebral discs. They provide the backbone necessary flexibility. The disc consists of a hard fibrous ring, inside of which the nucleus pulposus Bold. When the hernia is formed, the ring is broken, and the kernel comes out, resulting in a compressed spinal cord, nerve roots, blood vessels. Thus, the hernia can disrupt blood flow to certain organs (heart, kidneys, lungs, liver, brain, etc.), sometimes leading to fatal consequences.
Independently diagnose herniated cervical spine is almost impossible because no obvious signs. Zanepokoyitysya necessary if symptoms are as follows:
- periodic aching pain in the neck and shoulders;
- increased pain when turning head and torso, bending forward while coughing;
- headache, dizziness;
- jumps in blood pressure;
- tinnitus (ear);
- limited mobility of the neck and shoulders;
- numbness of hands.
Causes of herniated cervical intervertebral
hernia can be formed because of the following factors:
- low back pain;
- household, sport or truck injury;
- maternity injury;
- lifting too heavy for human subjects;
- abnormalities of the spine.
Hernias often diagnosed in mothers who are constantly on their children’s hands, endure heavy Strollers stairs. There is a professional movers disease and people for their specific work often raise difficult.
How to detect and treat herniated cervical spine?
Herniated cervical spine to treat, but very important is the timely diagnosis. Identify it can during the procedure cervical MRI, which should send the patient neurologist. MRI will determine the size, location and stage of development hernia. Besides MRI may still require vascular ultrasound of the neck and head, ECG, some laboratory tests. The feasibility and necessity of these procedures determined by the doctor.
Diagnosis is complicated by the fact that sometimes the symptoms of hernia is not associated with neurology. For example, tight vessel can cause tinnitus or double vision. Then right will first visit a narrow specialist (otolaryngologist, ophthalmologist, etc.) to exclude problems in these areas. A competent doctor always detect neurological problems and encourage them to come to a neurologist.
Hernia treatment can be conservative and surgical. Usually start with the first main aims – to improve patient nutrition fibrous ring of the disc, relax the neck muscles, strengthen them and get rid of pain. For this purpose, medication, physical therapy treatment, therapeutic massage and gymnastics, swimming. After the first treatment recommended to undergo a second diagnosis to analyze the state of the cervical spine.
If positive dynamics is observed, especially in the presence of negative developments, recommend surgery. Also, surgery is necessary in obvious signs of circulatory disorders of the brain. After removing the hernia patient shown rehabilitation and preventive measures to avoid recurrence of hernia.
Important for all people is to prevent the formation of hernia cervical spine. Physicians are advised to sleep on a hard flat surface (best used mattresses) with a small pillow, to swim, gymnastics, running, move more, take breaks in work at the computer. When exactly should keep the seat back and head, monitor their posture from childhood. Also to be avoided if possible lifting. Many human diseases are due to our ability to upright posture, the spine, unfortunately, is a huge burden. So should every way to help your body adapt to modern life.