Obstetrics, gynecology

Female infertility: what are the factors that prevent getting pregnant?

The problem to conceive a child face about 15% of couples. If a couple decided on a child, but to conceive, the baby did not, then a detailed survey should go to both partners. Because infertility in men is also quite common problem. The inability to conceive in women depends not only from problems with the reproductive organs. Fertility (ability to produce offspring) females is affected by many factors, even the improper diet or stress.

What is female infertility

Female infertility is a condition women where she can’t conceive a baby in childbearing age. Infertility klassificeret primary, secondary, and absolute. If a woman has never been able to conceive in spite of regular sex life without contraception for a year or more – then the question about infertility and it is recommended to start the treatment.

If the pregnancy had never occurred, then the question about the diagnosis of primary pregnancy. If a woman became pregnant at least 1 time, regardless of whether she gave birth to a child, or are unable to carry a child, subsequent unsuccessful attempts to get pregnant are classified as secondary infertility. Absolute infertility diagnosed in the complete exclusion of the possibility of pregnancy in the development of the genital organs, absence of the uterus, etc.

What factors hinder a woman to get pregnant

In most cases, the pregnancy and gestation of inflammatory processes in the pelvic organs. Even moved a few years ago, inflammation of the ovaries or other female organs can lead to the formation of adhesions in the fallopian tubes and their obstruction. To the inability to conceive a child also causes a violation of ovulation: in this breach violated the process that Matures the egg, also breaks down its exit from the ovary to meet the sperm. These disorders are associated with endocrine disorders.

On the possibility of pregnancy is also affected by congenital and acquired pathology of the woman: deformation of the uterus, abortion, multiple fibroids in the uterus, genetic predisposition. An important factor is the excess or deficiency of a woman’s body weight, her nutrition and diet, physical activity and emotional state. The constant frustration, stress, neurosis greatly affect your ability to get pregnant. Problems with conception can be associated with immunological infertility when the female body produce antibodies that kill sperm.

How to treat infertility and how to affect fertility

To diagnose the female infertility and to find the cause, tests will need to pass both partners. Blood tests for STDs, hormone blood, ultrasound and radiography of the pelvic organs, histological examination, etc. For a complete diagnosis of infertility take 2-3 months, after diagnosis by a doctor, based on their causes of infertility, choose the method of treatment. This can be a hormonal therapy for equalization of hormonal imbalance, surgical treatment, if diagnosed with obstruction of the fallopian tubes and other uterine pathology, psychological assistance, if infertility has provoked a psychological or stress etc.

If the treatment does not give results, the specialist will offer assisted reproductive technology: IVF (in vitro fertilization), donor sperm or surrogacy, insemination with the partner’s sperm. For the prevention of infertility is important not only to monitor the physical condition of the woman and regularly visit the gynecologist for a check-up, but also care about nutrition, mental health and emotional state.

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