Neurology

Dizziness and its possible causes. What disease may indicate a symptom?

Dizziness occasionally happens to everyone. If it is a short-term phenomenon after the abrupt change of body position, do not worry. But sometimes the dizziness lasts for a long period of time, a person loses orientation in space, it repeats itself again and again. In this case, you need to pay attention to a problem that may indicate certain illnesses.

Possible causes of dizziness

Dizziness, or vertigo is a condition which is characterized by a sense of violation of the orientation of the body in space. In humans the impression that the objects revolve around it, it might be sick, he has observed notable problems with coordination. When dizzy, we are talking about the problems in the coherence of the vestibular, visual, and tactile systems.

Causes of vertigo quite a lot, they can affect a wide variety of human health. Often the dizziness occurs because of the vegetative dysfunction (vegetovascular dystonia).

Sometimes vertigo is associated with problems in hearing. For example, when otitis media possible hearing loss, ringing and noise in the ears and dizziness.

But often, vertigo is associated with neurological diseases. This is a frequent companion of migraines, it is also possible for tumors of the brain (the dizziness is chronic and is accompanied by severe headaches).

Cardiovascular disease can also cause bouts of dizziness. They arise from disturbances of blood circulation, resulting in can develop this life-threatening condition like a stroke.

Sometimes, dizziness occurs when there is a sudden change in body position, especially for people who have a sedentary job. If the whole day sitting at the computer, and then abruptly get up, your head may begin to spin. This happens because circulatory disorders of the brain, namely its departments, which are responsible for coordination. These problems can be avoided if you avoid overstrain of the neck muscles to take breaks, to stretch, to go outside, to do elementary physical exercises.

Dizzy spells can be a result of injury to the cervical spine. Also, they can provoke an overdose of anti-hypertensive medication. Don’t forget that low blood pressure (hypotension) is also a problem for humans. It often causes bouts of vertigo.

The reason for vertigo can be an elementary motion sickness in transport, which affects many. In this case, discomfort will help eliminate special preparations.

Dizziness can be a symptom of several mental disorders: panic disorder, agoraphobia (fear of open space with a large crowd of people), etc.

Which doctor to contact in case of dizzy spells?

You should start with seeking a neurologist. If it will eliminate neurological diseases, then you need to visit a doctor-otolaryngologist. If it does not identify causes of dizziness, consult your physician to give a referral to other specialists. You may need the advice of an oncologist, a psychologist, a cardiologist, and other doctors.

Diagnosis of causes of dizziness is quite extensive: you need to pass the vestibular tests, audittrail, check the condition of the vessels by ultrasound, computed tomography, or MRI.

To resolve systematically occur dizziness, should identify and eliminate the cause. It might take a lot of time and money, but to bring the case to the end is needed, otherwise the problem could become serious and hazardous to health, and sometimes life character.

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