Depression is a serious mental disorder characterized by thought disorder, loss of interest in life. It is a disease that most often develops on the background of prolonged stress, or dissatisfaction with a particular situation. Depression can hide behind a bad mood, character traits of the person. However, to prevent serious consequences, you must realize that such a disease really exists, and know how to deal with it.
Why is there depression?
Depression can occur in anyone, regardless of age, gender or membership in a particular social group. Depression is a disease of modernity, because the world as it is now, it puts pressure on the person in moral terms. People need to be successful in work and personal life, attractive, otherwise it feels incomplete. Some people hard experiencing failures, which leads to depressive disorders. In addition, the development of depression can cause such events as the death of a loved one, divorce, breakup of personal relationships, illness, failure in professional activities.
Depression rarely occurs without obvious reason. Doctors insist that in such cases play a key role especially neurochemical processes in the human body, in particular, the exchange of neurotransmitters. Therefore, the blame falls not on the person, and on her individual, independent from her features.
Symptoms of depression
Symptoms of depression are mainly emotional symptoms, such as:
- feelings of anxiety, despair, sadness;
- low self-esteem;
- constant fatigue;
- indifference to themselves and the world.
Changing the patient’s behavior, it loses the ability to act purposefully, can not concentrate attention, avoids contact with friends, loved ones. Quite often, untreated depression ends with alcoholism and drug addiction. After all, the man is trying to “escape from himself”, from his amount.
Becomes special and thinking of the patient’s depression. Thoughts about yourself are starting to be negative, the person considers his life in vain, useless, worthless. The patient is difficult for you to make any decisions.
To the physiological manifestations of depression are:
- violation of sleep, insomnia;
- loss of appetite or, on the contrary, constant overeating;
- the pain in the heart, the stomach;
- disorders in the sexual sphere.
How to treat depression?
Because depression is a disease, it should be treated. If the doctor has established the diagnosis “depression” the patient must give moral support, even if he does not want. To a person need to convey that she is at fault in this state is not, and together it is possible to cope with everything.
If depression is observed in severe form, without proper treatment it can last for months or even years. Disease treatment – medication and psychotherapy.
Medications for depression are called antidepressants, they selects only the doctor based on the individual patient and the degree of development of the disease. They should take a few months, strictly according to doctor’s instructions, otherwise the effect will be.
Without psychotherapy the treatment of depression will have the desired positive results. The purpose of the work of the psychologist is to help the patient learn to regulate their emotions. People have to be willing to talk about their problems, otherwise the success of therapy is questionable.
Depression is a disease, but to control her man could. To prevent the development of depressive disorders, you need to learn how to safely overcome a stressful situation, to maintain a reasonable balance between work and rest, try to respond positively to the people and the world around them.