The debate about the benefits and harms of alcohol are conducted over decades. About the horrible consequences of alcoholism heard today, perhaps, everyone. But, nevertheless, according to medical statistics, 40% of deaths in Ukraine among men and 22% among women are caused by alcoholism. At the same time, moderate alcohol consumption, according to some medical research, maybe even useful. So how much can you drink alcohol (and whether) to stay healthy and not become an alcoholic?
Benefit or harm: what do the doctors say about alcohol
Some doctors believe that moderate consumption of wine has beneficial effects on the heart and arteries, owing to the contained in the grape skins antioxidants, flavonoids and other useful substances. This opinion is based on a study Harvard School of Public Health, USA: American scientists believe that wine is useful because it increases the amount of high density lipoprotein, the “good” cholesterol. But moderate consumption of alcohol is how much?
The national Institute on alcohol abuse and alcoholism (NIAAA), the United States defines the rule of 1 alcoholic drink for women and 2 for men a day. The norm depends on the alcohol content in alcoholic drinks: 150 ml of wine, 350 ml of beer or 45 ml of pure alcohol. Also doctors say that this provision is intended to 2 days a week people didn’t drink alcohol at all. However, those Americans, only the University of Texas came to a different conclusion: alcohol is harmful in any quantity (the results of the research were published in Stem Cell Reports). Since any dose of consumed alcoholic beverage, has a destructive effect on the brain, slowing the formation of nerve cells. The more a person drinks alcohol, the more affected the cells of the brain.
What is dangerous to the health of domestic drinking
Many people around us drink alcohol constantly, more regulations and alcoholics do not become, you might say. Yes, the development of alcoholism is due to several factors, among which the presence of drinking of close relatives, psycho-emotional factor, etc. But excessive alcohol consumption destroys the human body. If you drink alcohol every day or “catch up” this weekend, pay attention to the work of their digestive organs.
Frequent diarrhoea (diarrhea), nausea, bloating are a result of alcohol consumption, which not only irritates the mucous membrane of the stomach, but also promotes the growth of pathogenic bacteria in the gut, weakening your immune system. As a result of frequent catarrhal diseases. Also drinking alcohol in excess contributes to the development of diabetes, neoplastic processes, increases the risk of injury, the occurrence of outbursts of aggression and interpersonal violence. Often motivated depressed person begins to use more alcohol that leads to suicide even before the formation of persistent dependence on alcohol.
How to reduce the amount of alcohol consumed
You decided to drink less alcohol, but here again the habit before the evening watching TV, the hand she reached for a cool beer in the fridge. It is important to learn to say “no” to himself, not to keep alcohol in the house at all or to be able to abandon the “last” drink at the bar. To begin, try not to drink alcohol on an empty stomach, is good to eat.
Learn to drink in small SIPS, considering the pharynx often drink alcohol juice, pure water (not soda). More focused on communication, do longer breaks between reception of alcohol. Gradually try to reach 2-and soundness days a week. If not and you fall, find like-minded people that help support you mentally family and friends. Well, if nothing comes to you or your family – do not hesitate to contact a specialist for help.