Bulimia is a disease that develops in the nervous system. It is characterized by frequent fluctuations in the weight of the person in the background eating disorders. Bulimia is manifested by bouts of uncontrollable eating, after which comes the forced purification of the body (usually by calling vomiting).
Often bulimia affects women aged 14 to 30 years. Bulimia is exacerbated on the background of stress, especially through experiences associated with their appearance. Quite often suffering from bulimia adolescents who have a vulnerable, emotionally fragile psyche.
Causes and symptoms of bulimia
The causes of bulimia are divided into two categories: physiological and psychological.
To physiological causes of bulimia include damage to the cerebral cortex, which is the food centre. The brain stops receiving the signals that the body is already satisfied, and the person eats again and again. Also bulimia can lead to hormonal disruption and metabolic disorders.
Often bulimia cause psychological causes: the human desire to conform to certain canons of beauty, to please others, to be attractive. To the main psychological causes of bulimia are:
- moved trauma;
- stay in a constant state of stress;
- the rejection of one’s own body;
- the inability to easily relate to life;
- the pursuit of absolute control over their own body weight, which develops into psychosis;
- children’s psychological trauma associated with their appearance.
The most difficult to treat bulimia, which occurs as a result of childhood psychological trauma: when parents were dissatisfied with the appearance of the child on a regular basis, at this point, when using certain external features of child abused peers, and the like. Also, bulimia often occurs in families where food is used as reward or punishment.
If bulimia occurs because of psychological problems, uncontrolled eating a variety of meals allows a person to switch from the existing problems in one process. Through guilt and the desire to control a patient almost immediately prefer to get rid of the eaten.
Symptoms of bulimia often confused with a very good appetite or poor health. These include:
- Bouts of gluttony.
- Obsession with her figure.
- Constant mood swings.
- Weakness, malaise.
- The development of diseases of the stomach, throat, teeth.
- Dehydration,dry skin.
- Inflammation of the salivary glands and esophagus.
- Failure of the menstrual cycle.
Suspicion needs the following fact: many eating, but not gaining in weight, and maybe even to lose weight.
Bouts of bulimia can happen from a few to 30 times per month. This man can’t control himself and his actions. The patient after a bout of uncontrolled binge eating trying to get rid of all the extra calories. To do this, it causes vomiting, laxative drink, resorted to extremely intense physical exercises.
Consequences and treatment of bulimia
Very often the patient does not recognize that suffers from bulimia, he even does not admit it. The consequences of the disease include:
- Dehydration of the body.
- Renal failure.
- Diseases of the digestive tract and the oral cavity.
- Disorders of the menstrual cycle until the complete cessation of menses.
- Swelling of the limbs.
You should understand that bulimia is a disease, so it requires an appropriate treatment. Patient can not self-terminate bouts of bulimia, as it doesn’t control them. Treatment can be medical, psychological and dietetic, it is best to use complex methods of combating disease.
A necessary condition for successful treatment – diagnosis of all family members of the patient, especially those with whom he rubs shoulders with. This is done to identify possible causes of psychosis and sensitization campaigns on how to behave with the patient.
Food and appearance must not become cults in the family, their importance for human life should not be overestimated. It is also necessary to support the teenager in such a difficult period of life, not to allow hormonal changes to cause severe illness. Bulimia can be cured, but it’s a long and quite difficult process. Therefore it is better to avoid.