Narcology

Alcoholism and genetics: should we be afraid?

Family in which one parent or both alcoholics – an ordeal for the child. Statistics suggests that many children from families where abuse alcohol, have mental and physical health problems. But can alcoholism be inherited or the child reaches for alcohol only under the influence of bad example of adults?

Alcoholism and the individual characteristics of the organism

Many characteristics of the nervous activity and metabolic processes in the body depend on genetics. Including the ability to disposal of alcohol by the body under the influence of enzymes. Thus, the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase transformerait alcohol to the toxin acetaldehyde, and the enzyme acetyldigitoxin – toxin acetaldehyde in water and acetic acid. Quick work of both of these enzymes contributes to the fact that people can drink a lot of alcohol and not experience severe intoxication. But the more a person consumes alcohol, the faster it is depleted enzymatic system. And the less active enzymes, the higher the intoxication and hangover.

Drug experts say that alcoholism develops more often in those people, the enzymatic system which contributes to a more rapid intoxication. They have the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase transfermium alcohol slowly and such people quickly get used to drinking. Moreover, regardless of the reactions of the nervous system – people can be funny and kind after alcohol or Vice versa – to fall asleep or to show aggression. Also inherited the ability to feel happy: it depends on the hormones dopamine and endorphins. Hormones begin to be produced by the brain as a reaction to certain stimuli that give a person a feeling of happiness and life satisfaction. Fans of alcohol when taking alcohol the production of dopamine by the brain increases 4 times. Therefore, inheritance can be transmitted a number of individual characteristics that contribute to the development of alcoholism, but not the “gene” for alcoholism.

As a bad example of the parents affects the development of alcoholism in children

Children born in the family of alcoholics can form a dependence on alcohol. If the mother is drinking, especially before pregnancy and during it, the child already receives a dose of alcohol. If you drink the father, then the child has higher chances to be born healthy, but at the same time, the risk of “get hooked” on alcohol by the example of their parents. Children’s alcoholism is the most severe form of the disease. Because the child forms not only the specific metabolic processes by drinking alcohol, but also patterns of communication, understanding of life, the environment, etc.

How dangerous is alcoholism adult child

Even if the family one of the adults drink does not mean that the son or daughter will become alcoholics. But such a child will be more difficult to integrate into society. The children growing up in families of alcoholics (or with one parent alcoholic), distorted ideas about love, family relationships, ways of solving their own problems, etc. Such children are often aggressive to respond to a number of vital moments. Unwittingly joining the alcohol addiction of the parents, the child automatically gets the status of a son or daughter of an alcoholic.

Rejected by society, a child often seeks to communicate such as “Les Miserables”, building their own personal relationships with people of a certain type, often alcoholics or drug addicts. Therefore, the presence of the family of a person suffering from alcoholism it is important to seek help from a specialist. This will help not only to the drinker but also his family and friends to people who become hostages of the situation.